How To Choose The Right Washer For Your Needs

A washer seems to be one of the simplest spare parts you ever have to deal with. What can possibly be complicated about a piece of metal, plastic, or rubber? You may be surprised to learn that choosing a washer can be much harder than picking an engagement ring.

A washer seems to be one of the simplest spare parts you ever have to deal with. What can possibly be complicated about a piece of metal, plastic, or rubber? You may be surprised to learn that choosing a washer can be much harder than picking an engagement ring.

Washers come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and materials. Without extensive knowledge about the project or equipment requirements, choosing the best possible option isn’t as straightforward as you’d think. We asked experts from a leading flat washer manufacturer to share tips for choosing spacing components.

  1. Environment

Some of the most common reasons for washer failure are stress-relaxation pressure and extreme temperatures. Even the best washer can fail if you place it in an environment for which it is not designed. Knowing the temperatures, pressure, and likely wear-and-tear can help you choose a washer that exhibits an appropriate endurance level.

  • Size

This may seem obvious, but many people fail to select the right size washer by forgetting to make simple measurements. What you need to measure is the inner diameter, outside diameter, and thickness. All three parameters are vital to choosing the right part, even if it’s a simple flat washer. 

You may want to take advantage of a special washer, gasket, and nut-measuring gauge when evaluating the size of the washer in order to achieve the most accurate measurement and most secure fit. 

  • Material

The material is highly important for the durability and longevity of a washer; be it elastomer (rubber), metallic, or fiber washers, all of them have their separate uses. Depending on the application and purpose of the washer, you can choose the right material for optimal performance.

Pay attention to the temperature and pressure a material can withstand, while also considering its resistance to oxygen, UV light, chemicals, and moisture. 

Other Things To Consider When Choosing The Ideal Washer 

If you are looking for washers for large projects, like the production of OEM products, rather than a quick fix for your plumbing problems or other standard household repairs, it’s important to get professional advice. In some cases, you may need to opt for a customized washer rather than try to adapt to the limitations of standard flat washers.

A washer manufacturing company can give you professional advice and an idea of your options for customization. Usually, with the right measurements at hand, you can get any specialty part created.

Respectable manufacturers offer a good variety of components, from round flat washers in a wide range of sizes and materials to non-standard washers for any project design.

Another important thing to do is to test the washer performance before using it in your equipment. To ensure the washer’s integrity, you may want to employ:

  • Hot compression test
  • Creep relaxation test
  • Temperature test
  • Leak test
  • Chemical resistance test

These are just a few examples. The more tests and evaluations you can perform, the better the result for fitting the right washer into your application.

Final Thoughts

The speed, quality, and costs of your project often depend on something as seemingly minor as the correct spacing component. By taking a smart approach to choosing washers for your needs, you can avoid unfortunate consequences, such as breakdowns and downtime. Take advantage of the above tips to make the choice easier.